Reading this article will help you in the future because you will learn a lot from here …
Survival water purification is one of the most important wilderness skills that we teach at Alderleaf. Water makes up more than two thirds of the average person’s body weight. It is a vital component of our physiology and even a small amount of water deprivation (also known as dehydration) can be harmful. Unfortunately, not all water sources are created equal. Lakes, rivers and streams can harbor parasites, bacteria and many other harmful pathogens. Agricultural and industrial contaminants can also cause serious health problems and are unfortunately found in more and more water systems worldwide.
Many people take clean running water for granted, but in the event of a hurricane, earthquake, or other survival situation, this is often the first thing to go — and the one thing you’ll need to stay alive. Knowing how to disinfect water and make it safe for drinking can be a matter of life and death in an emergency, and thankfully, it can be easily done using common household items.
Here are two water disinfection methods as recommended by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA):
The household bleach method
This may seem counter-intuitive, even downright suicidal, but it is actually a legitimate way to get clean water for drinking, and ideal when you don’t have access to heat. It is important to use only regular, unscented chlorine bleach labelled for disinfection and sanitation. Avoid scented or color-safe bleach, or those with additional cleaning properties. Also, the bleach must be stored at room temperature for less than a year, and contain 8.25 percent of sodium hypochlorite. To disinfect your water with bleach follow this procedure:
- Before bleaching, run the water through a clean filter — you can use any clean cloth or fabric, paper towel, or a coffee filter.
- From there, take a clean medicine dropper, and add the appropriate amount of bleach for the volume of water you are disinfecting. You should add two drops of bleach for every liter or quart of water. That is equivalent to six drops of bleach per gallon. The amount of bleach should be doubled if the water is cloudy, colored, or very cold.
- Stir the bleach into the water and let it stand for 30 minutes. A slight chlorine smell is normal. If it doesn’t have a chlorine odor, repeat the second step with the same amount of bleach, and let the mixture stand for another 15 minutes.
- To get rid of the chlorine taste, transfer the water from one clean container to another and let it stand for a few hours before using it.
You can also see other survival articles such as: How To Survive Without The Pharmacy; How To Make Pemmican: A Superfood Survival That Can Last 50 Years
The boiling method
This is a more common method of disinfection, and, according to EPA can kill pathogenic bacteria, viruses, and protozoa. You will need a heat source and a container that can withstand it, though, so this method may not always be ideal in every situation. To disinfect water by boiling, follow these steps:
- Run your water through a filter to get rid of any sediments and particles.
- Let water reach a rolling boil, and keep it there for at least one minute. At higher altitudes (above 5,000 feet), let the water boil for three minutes.
- Cool the water naturally and transfer to clean, covered containers for storing.
- To improve the taste, add a pinch of salt for every liter or quart of water.
Other disinfection methods endorsed by the EPA include: tincture of iodine, water disinfection tablets, and the rather more complicated and riskier method of that uses granular calcium hypochlorite.
Where you get your water is as important as what you do to disinfect it. In an emergency situation, here are some water sources to consider, as recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC):
- In the home: water from your heater tank, uncontaminated ice cubes, liquid from canned fruit and vegetables
- Outside the home: rainwater, natural springs, and bodies of water such as ponds, lakes, streams, and rivers as long as it’s not seawater.
Remember to stay away from water that has strange color or smell, or water that might have been contaminated by chemicals or fuel.
Whichever method you choose to use, pay close attention to the signals your body is giving you. Staying hydrated, whether or not you are in a survival situation, is absolutely essential to your well-being. If you find yourself in a less than ideal situation, remember these tips for hydration and these wise words from Bear Grylls: “Keep your head about you, use common sense, don’t panic……and above all think outside the box!” Penny for your thoughts? Tells us what you think about this list by dropping your two cents in the comments below.
People really should avert their gaze from the modern survival thinking for just a bit and also look at how folks 150 years ago did it.
These guys were the last generation to practice basic things-for a living-that we call survival skills now.
Survival Things Our Great Grandfathers Did Or Built Around The House. Are you ready to turn back the clocks to the 1800s for up to three years.
by: Bridgette Wilcox, www.naturalnews.com
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